Table

Numerous Activities of Vitamin C

Cofactor for Enzymes

Known Roles

Enzyme Mammalian

Dopamine B-monooxygenase Peptidyl-glycerine a-amidating monooxygenase Prolyl 4-hydroxylase Prolyl 3-hydroxylase Trimethyllysine hydroxylase r-Butyrobetaine hydroxylase 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase

Fungi

Deoxyuridine 1'-hydroxylase

Function of Enzyme (Reference)

Norepinephrinebiosynthesis Amidation of peptide hormones

Collagen hydroxylation

Carnitine biosynthesis

Tyrosine metabolism

Reutilization pathways for pyrimidines or the deoxyribose moiety of deoxynucleosides

Thyamine 7-hydroxylase Pyridine deoxyribonucleoside hydroxylase

Site

Small intestine

Reducing Agent

Action

Promote iron absorption Antioxidant

Postulated Roles

Cells

Plasma Stomach

Target

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