Important Functions of Glutamine
Gastrointestinal system Energy source for enterocytes maintains mucosal integrity and barrier
Renal system function of the gut Provides building blocks of DNA and RNA for rapidly dividing cells; energy source for macrophages, lymphocytes, and neutrophils; precursor to glutathione, a powerful antioxidant Acts as a neurotransmitter
Transports ammonia from peripheral tissue to liver for conversion into urea; important for pancreatic growth and function Metabolized in the kidney to regulate acid-base homeostasis; substrate for gluconeogenesis in kidney
FIGURE 5.1 Molecular structure of glutamine.
Was this article helpful?