Pertinent Historical Information

1. If an infant, what type of formula is given, and how is it prepared?

2. What are child's voiding or stooling patterns? Constipation is present in patients with diabetes insipidus.

3. Have similar episodes of hypernatremia occurred in the past?

4. Is there a past medical history of head trauma, brain surgery, or sickle cell anemia or trait?

III. Differential Diagnosis. Considers pathophysiologic processes underlying the disorder: water and sodium deficits, water losses, and sodium excess.

A. Water and Sodium Deficits. Water losses are greater than sodium losses.

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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