B. Type 2 dM. Receptors on cells are resistant to insulin. Condition is exacerbated postoperatively as well as in patients who are unable to take their medications.
C. Stress-Induced Hyperglycemia. Sepsis, trauma (especially head injury), and postoperative states can cause a stress reaction leading to decreased metabolism of glucose.
D. TPN-Induced Hyperglycemia. Glucose is one of the major calorie sources in TPN solutions. A higher concentration of glucose is present in the solution when it is received centrally. Hyperglycemia can occur when the solution is advanced too quickly or an excessive amount is administered.
E. Medications. Pulse steroids, thiazide diuretics, theophylline, and phenytoin can induce hyperglycemia.
F. Factitious Hyperglycemia. Be sure the specimen was not drawn from or above an IV line that is infusing a solution that contains glucose. If in doubt, repeat the test.
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All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.