VI. Problem Case Diagnosis. The 18-month-old patient had viral, lower respiratory infection-induced airway hyperreactivity and cough, which promoted gastroesophageal reflux.
VII. Teaching Pearl: Question. Are cough suppressants indicated in all situations of cough in children?
VIII. Teaching Pearl: Answer. Cough is a very primitive protective reflex. Always seek to identify the cause before prescribing treatment. Cough suppressants are contraindicated in patients with suppurative lung disease.
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