Chronic or Subacute Cervical Lymphadenitis

1. Nontuberculous mycobacteria (Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare scrofulaceum [mAiS] complex). Typically chronic, with symptoms lasting weeks or months, although it may also present acutely. Infection with MAIS complex occurs in young school-aged children and produces a mildly tender, erythematous, rubbery mass.

2. Other causes of chronic lymphadenitis. These include Mycobacterium tuberculosis and cat-scratch disease. Cat-scratch disease typically produces tenderness, erythema, warmth, and induration; history of contact with a cat or kitten is present in over 90% of cases.

3. Parinaud oculoglandular syndrome. Concurrent granulomatous conjunctivitis and ipsilateral preauricular or submandibular lymphadenopathy that is most often due to Bartonella henselae but also may be seen with tuberculosis, EBV infection, and syphilis.

D. Retropharyngeal Cellulitis or Abscess. Presents as a neck mass in up to 58% of patients and generally occurs in children younger than 5 years of age as an extension of nasopharyngeal and middle ear infections. Retropharyngeal abscesses are less common in older children and adolescents but may occur following penetrating trauma to the area. Bacterial agents involved in this infection include Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus), S aureus, Haemophilus influenzae, and anaerobes. Complications include airway compromise, sepsis, aspiration of abscess contents, and thrombophlebitis.

How To Deal With Rosacea and Eczema

How To Deal With Rosacea and Eczema

Rosacea and Eczema are two skin conditions that are fairly commonly found throughout the world. Each of them is characterized by different features, and can be both discomfiting as well as result in undesirable appearance features. In a nutshell, theyre problems that many would want to deal with.

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