1. Necrotizing enterocolitis. Inflammatory condition of the intestine. Occurs almost exclusively in premature infants and can progress to necrosis and perforation.
2. Colic. Recurrent inconsolable crying during the first 3-4 months in infants who are otherwise healthy. Occurs mostly at night. Episodes are characterized by knees drawn up to the abdomen.
3. Midgut volvulus. Associated with intestinal malrotation. May occur at any age but is most common during first year. Patient may present initially with bilious vomiting; early recognition is crucial to prevent intestinal necrosis.
4. Intussusception. Telescoping of one portion of the intestine into another, usually ileocolic. Most common in children aged 6 months to 2 years. Usually idiopathic (ie, no pathologic lead point).
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