Retinitis in Lyme Disease Definition

Inflammation of the retina usually caused by Borrelia burgdorferi.

Epidemiology: The incidence of this retinal disorder has increased in recent years.

Etiology: The inflammation is caused by spirochetes usually transmitted by bites from infected ticks.

Findings and symptoms: Lyme disease can lead to many inflammatory ocular changes with their respective symptoms. These include conjunctivitis, keratitis, and iridocyclitis. Retinal vasculitis, retinal artery occlusion, neu-roretinitis, optic neuritis, and choroiditis have also been described.

Lyme disease should be excluded as a possible cause of posterior uveitis of uncertain etiology.

Diagnostic considerations: The diagnosis is made by ophthalmoscopy and serologic studies to identify the pathogen.

Differential diagnosis: Inflammatory ocular changes due to other causes (such as toxoplasmosis or tuberculosis) should be excluded.

Treatment: Antibiotic treatment with tetracycline, penicillin G, or third-generation cephalosporins is indicated.

Clinical course and prognosis: Retinal changes due to Lyme disease tend to recur.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Discarding Negative Habits

Discarding Negative Habits

I ought to change, but I've attempted and failed. Does this seem familiar? Frequently, altering habits does seem insurmountable. A lot of us merely don't have enough motivation to alter our habits all of our foul habits in a way that would really affect our life. We hold them tight as we view them as rewards. But your habits determine your life. Discarding Negative Habits Methods That Will Help You Deconstruct The Bad Habits Holding You Back.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment