Orbital Surgery

Access to the orbital cavity is gained primarily through an anterior approach (transconjunctival or transpalpebral approaches yield good cosmetic results) or through a lateral approach. The lateral Krönlein approach provides better intraoperative exposure. Transantral, transfrontal, transcranial, and transnasal orbitotomies are used less frequently.

Orbital exenteration is indicated with advanced malignant tumors. This involves removal of the entire contents of the orbital cavity including the eyelids.

16 Optics and Refractive Errors

Christoph W. Spraul and Gerhard K. Lang

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Discarding Negative Habits

Discarding Negative Habits

I ought to change, but I've attempted and failed. Does this seem familiar? Frequently, altering habits does seem insurmountable. A lot of us merely don't have enough motivation to alter our habits all of our foul habits in a way that would really affect our life. We hold them tight as we view them as rewards. But your habits determine your life. Discarding Negative Habits Methods That Will Help You Deconstruct The Bad Habits Holding You Back.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment