Eyedrops Ointment and Bandages

Eyedrops and ointment should be administered posterior to the everted lower eyelid. One drop or strip of ointment approximately 1 cm long should be administered laterally to the inferior conjunctival sac. To avoid injury to the eye, drops should be administered with the patient supine (Fig. 1.16) or seated with the head tilted back and supported. The person administering the medication places his or her hand on the patient's face for support. Bottles and tubes must not come in contact with the patient's eyelashes as they might otherwise become contaminated. Allow the drops or strip of ointment to drop into the conjunctival sac.

H Eye ointment should not be administered following ocular trauma as this may complicate subsequent examination or surgery. Dilation of the pupils with a mydriatic in unconscious patients should be avoided as this complicates neurologic examination.

IG 1 The Ophthalmic Examination

— Administration of eyedrops with the patient supine.

Fig. 1.16 Eyedrops should be

administered posterior to the everted lower eyelid.

Eye bandage. A sterile swab or commercially available bandage (two oval layers of bandage material with a layer cotton between them) may be used. Care should be taken to avoid touching the side in contact with the eye. The bandage is fixed to the forehead and cheek with strips of adhesive tape.

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