The basic equipment for the ophthalmic examination includes the following instruments:

❖ Direct ophthalmoscope for examining the fundus (Fig. 1.1).

❖ Focused light (Fig. 1.1) for examining the reaction of the pupil and the anterior chamber.

❖ Aspheric lens (Fig. 1.1) for examining the anterior chamber.

❖ Eye chart for testing visual acuity at a distance of 5 meters (20 feet) (Fig. 1.2).

— Basic diagnostic instruments for the fundus, pupil, and anterior chamber. -

Fig. 1.1 From left to right: direct ophthalmoscope, aspheric lens, and focused light.

2 1 The Ophthalmic Examination Eye charts for testing visual acuity at a distance of 5 meters.
Fig. 1.2 From left to right: Snellen letter chart, Arabic number chart, E game, Landolt broken rings, children's pictograph.

❖ Binocular loupes for removing corneal and conjunctival foreign bodies.

❖ Desmarres eyelid retractor and glass rod or sterile cotton swab for eyelid eversion (Fig. 1.3).

Foreign-body needle for removing superficial corneal foreign bodies (Fig. 1.3). Recommended medications:

❖ Topical anesthetic (such as oxybuprocaine 0.4% eyedrops) to provide local anesthesia during removal of conjunctival and corneal foreign bodies and superficial anesthesia prior to flushing the conjunctival sac in chemical injuries.

❖ Sterile buffer solution for primary treatment of chemical injuries.

❖ Antibiotic eyedrops for first aid treatment of injuries, sterile eye compresses, and a 1 cm adhesive bandage for protective bandaging.

U An ophthalmologist should be consulted following any emergency treatment of eye injuries.

— Basic diagnostic equipment for removing corneal foreign bodies and eyelid — eversion.

Discarding Negative Habits

Discarding Negative Habits

I ought to change, but I've attempted and failed. Does this seem familiar? Frequently, altering habits does seem insurmountable. A lot of us merely don't have enough motivation to alter our habits all of our foul habits in a way that would really affect our life. We hold them tight as we view them as rewards. But your habits determine your life. Discarding Negative Habits Methods That Will Help You Deconstruct The Bad Habits Holding You Back.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment