Developmental Anomalies

Congenital developmental anomalies affecting the orbital cavity are very rare.

15.3.1 Craniofacial Dysplasia 15.3.1.1 Craniostenosis

This clinical picture involves premature fusion of the cranial sutures. Clinical signs often include bilateral exophthalmos associated with ocular hyper-telorism and exotropia (divergent strabismus). The mechanical impairment of the optic nerve is evidenced by development of papilledema and requires surgical decompression to prevent atrophy of the optic nerve.

15.3.1.1.1 Oxycephaly

Premature fusion of the coronal suture causes the orbits to become elevated, flattened, and smaller than normal.

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Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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