Conjunctiva

(Gerhard K. Lang, Gabriele E. Lang)

4.2 Examination Methods ... 68

4.3 Conjunctival Degeneration and Aging Changes ... 69

4.3.3 Pseudopterygium... 71

4.3.4 Subconjunctival Hemorrhage ... 72

4.3.5 Calcareous Infiltration ... 72

4.3.6 Conjunctival Xerosis ... 72

4.4 Conjunctivitis... 74

4.4.1 General Notes on the Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis of Conjunctivitis ... 74

4.4.2 Infectious Conjunctivitis ... 82

4.4.2.1 Bacterial Conjunctivitis ... 82

4.4.2.2 Chlamydial Conjunctivitis ... 83

4.4.2.3 Viral Conjunctivitis ... 93

4.4.2.4 Neonatal Conjunctivitis ... 95

4.4.2.5 Parasitic and Mycotic Conjunctivitis ... 98

4.4.3 Noninfectious Conjunctivitis . . . 98

4.5.1 Epibulbar Dermoid ... 104

4.5.2 Conjunctival Hemangioma ... 104

4.5.3 Epithelial Conjunctival Tumors ... 105

4.5.3.1 Conjunctival Cysts ... 105

4.5.3.2 Conjunctival Papilloma ... 106

4.5.3.3 Conjunctival Carcinoma ... 107

4.5.4 Melanocytic Conjunctival Tumors ... 108

4.5.4.1 Conjunctival Nevus ... 108

4.5.4.2 Conjunctival Melanosis ... 108

4.5.4.3 Congenital Ocular Melanosis ... 112

4.5.5 Conjunctival Lymphoma ... 113

4.6 Conjunctival Deposits ... 114

5.6.2 Corneal Degeneration ... 146

5.6.2.1 Calcific Band Keratopathy ... 146

5.6.2.2 Peripheral Furrow Keratitis ... 147

5.6.3 Corneal Dystrophies ... 148 5.7 Corneal Surgery ... 150

5.7.1 Curative Corneal Procedures ... 152

5.7.1.1 Penetrating Keratoplasty (Fig. 5.18a) ... 152

5.7.1.3 Phototherapeutic Keratectomy (Fig. 5.18c) ... 154

5.7.2 Refractive Corneal Procedures ... 155

5.7.2.1 Photorefractive Keratectomy (Fig. 5.18d) ... 155

5.7.2.3 Photorefractive Keratectomy Correction of Astigmatism ... 156

5.7.2.4 Holmium Laser Correction of Hyperopia ... 156

5.7.2.5 Epikeratophakic Keratoplasty (Epikeratophakia) ... 156

5.7.2.6 Excimer Laser In Situ Keratomileusis (LASIK) ... 156

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