Classification of Ocular Injuries by Mechanism of Injury

❖ Mechanical injuries:

- Eyelid injuries.

- Injuries to the lacrimal system.

- Conjunctival laceration.

- Foreign body in the cornea and conjunctiva.

- Corneal erosion.

- Nonpenetrating injury (blunt trauma to the globe).

- Injury to the floor of the orbit (blowout fracture).

- Penetrating injury (open-globe injury).

- Impalement injury to the orbit.

❖ Chemical injuries.

❖ Injuries due to physical agents:

- Radiation injuries (ionizing radiation).

- Ultraviolet keratoconjunctivitis.

❖ Indirect ocular trauma: transient traumatic retinal angiopathy (Purt-scher's retinopathy).

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