❖ Mechanical injuries:
- Eyelid injuries.
- Injuries to the lacrimal system.
- Conjunctival laceration.
- Foreign body in the cornea and conjunctiva.
- Corneal erosion.
- Nonpenetrating injury (blunt trauma to the globe).
- Injury to the floor of the orbit (blowout fracture).
- Penetrating injury (open-globe injury).
- Impalement injury to the orbit.
❖ Chemical injuries.
❖ Injuries due to physical agents:
- Radiation injuries (ionizing radiation).
- Ultraviolet keratoconjunctivitis.
❖ Indirect ocular trauma: transient traumatic retinal angiopathy (Purt-scher's retinopathy).
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