Basic Knowledge

The optic nerve extends from the posterior pole of the eye to the optic chiasm (Fig. 13.1). After this characteristic crossing, the fibers of the optic nerve travel as the optic tract to the lateral geniculate body. Depending on the shape of the skull, the optic nerve has a total length of 35- 55 mm. The nerve consists of:

❖ An intraocular portion.

❖ An intraorbital portion.

❖ An intracranial portion.

Fig. 13.1 CT image showing the intraorbital and intracranial portions of the optic nerve.
Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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