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Treatment of Amblyopia

Amblyopia is treated by modulating the visual input into the amblyopic eye. In the case of stimulus deprivation amblyopia, the cause of the visual deprivation, for example ptosis or cataract, needs to be dealt with. In refractive and strabis-mic amblyopia, significant refractive errors need to be corrected and abnormal fixation patterns overcome. Persistent visual deficit may be treated by depriving the normal eye of visual input by means of a patch or optical/pharmaceutical penalisation.

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