Figure 24 (Figure on facing page) Normal findings after cryoablation of renal cell carcinoma.

(A) CT scan before cryoablation shows a small anterior mid-left renal cell carcinoma (arrow).

(B) One month after cryoablation, gadolinium-enhanced Tl-weighted 2-D gradient echo MRI shows no enhancement in the kidney at the cryoablation site. Low-signal intensity perinephric changes (arrows) merge imperceptibly with the ablated renal parenchyma. (C) 4.5 years after ablation, gadolinium-enhanced Tl-weighted 3-D gradient echo MRI shows only cortical loss at the site of tumor ablation (arrow). Abbreviations: CT, computed tomography; MRI, magnetic resonance imaging.

Metastatic disease can occur in regional lymph nodes or in distant sites. Lung, mediastinal, bone, liver, contralateral kidney, adrenal gland, and brain metastases are common, but metastatic disease of the small bowel and peritoneal cavity can also occur (55). In this event, imaging reverts to the role of monitoring treatment for metastatic disease.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment