Prevention

Primary prophylaxis directed against C. neoformans is not advocated. It remains unclear whether secondary prophylaxis or suppression with fluconazole is necessary in transplant recipients who have completed treatment for cryptococcal infection.

Pneumocystis carinii

Overview

Infections caused by P. carinii occur during the first six months after transplantation in organ recipients who are not receiving prophylaxis. With appropriate prophylaxis, this infection has been effectively eliminated in transplant recipients.

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