Postoperative Management

Intensive Care Unit Monitoring

All lung transplant patients are admitted post-operatively to the intensive care unit, where monitoring includes the following: Electrocardiogram, oximetric evaluation of arterial and mixed venous oxygen saturation, and continuous monitoring of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures.

Ventilation

Most patients arrive in the intensive care unit mechanically ventilated through a single lumen endotracheal tube, which is preferable for pulmonary toilet. After BLT or SLT for IPF, standard ventilatory parameters are used. The FIO2 is kept at a level to maintain a Pa02 greater than 70 mmHg. A tidal volume of 8 to 12 ml/kg is usually sufficient. Extubation is performed once satisfactory gas exchange and lung mechanics are accomplished. Most of these patients are extubated between 24 and 48 hours following transplantation.

Patients who have undergone SLT for COPD or pulmonary hypertension are managed differently.30 In patients with COPD, PEEP is avoided and tidal volumes

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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