phylactic antibiotics are continued for 48 hours usually, and anti CMV prophylaxis is implemented in cases where the donor is CMV positive.14

Patients may be ventilator dependent for a few days following transplantation. Failure to wean from ventilator support is usually secondary to abdominal distention, but intra thoracic pathology should also be suspected. Diaphragmatic dysfunction on the right side from phrenic nerve clamp injury should be suspected when there are no other obvious causes for ongoing ventilator dependence.

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