Although organ transplantation is now being carried out with increasing success and increasing frequency, the procedure still carries with it the possibility of many significant long- and short-term complications which can adversely affect the patient's outcome. Infection is still the leading cause of death in these patients and the ubiquitous nature of oral infection should always be borne in mind when considering transplantation of any organ.

Dentistry has an important role to play in the care of these patients by ensuring that the potentially serious complications arising from oral disease are kept to a minimum, or better still, are eliminated completely.

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