Clinical Neurocardiology Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
Summary. This chapter provides an update about cardiovascular aspects of Parkinson disease (PD), with the following topics: (1) Orthostatic hypotension (OH) as an early finding in PD; (2) neurocirculatory abnormalities in PD + OH independent of levodopa treatment; (3) cardiac and extracardiac noradrenergic denervation in PD + OH; (4) progressive loss of cardiac sympathetic innervation in PD without OH.
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