Combat Sounds

Heart-rate in response to different sounds in veterans with and without PTSD. Adapted from While the advantage of using standardized combat stimuli is that all participants have the same exposure and therefore the differences in response could be attributed to the disorder, it is possible that the standard stimuli did not encompass all possible combat experiences, i.e., that some veterans experienced different types of trauma and the standard stimuli might not serve as trauma...

Pharmacotherapy Research in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Croatian Institute for Brain Research, Medical School, University of Zagreb, Croatia Abstract. Given the high prevalence and considerable individual and societal costs of PTSD, there are relatively few randomized, placebo-controlled trials in PTSD. Four placebo controlled trials have been performed with MAOIs, three with TCAs. Only one randomized placebo controlled trial was performed with benzodiazepines class, showing no effect of alprazolam on core PTSD symptoms. The majority of trials were...

Info

While the 120-day rates in the matched sample of 509 are lower than rates reported in other comparative samples at the same time point 14 , the results nonetheless show that psychological symptoms increase during the time from immediate reintegration to 120 days post-reintegration. This, in turn, suggests psychological screening may be particularly useful at 90 to 120 days post-reintegration relative to being conducted immediately at reintegration. Based on these results, the Commanding General...

Investigating Cognitive Abnormalities in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Elke GERAERTS a 1 and Tim BRENNEN b aDepartment of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands b Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Norway Abstract. Over the past decade, researchers have increasingly drawn upon concepts and methods developed in cognitive psychology to reveal cognitive processes underlying symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). These studies have shown that individuals with PTSD display difficulties retrieving specific autobiographical...

Novel Approaches To The Diagnosis And Treatment Of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

This Series presents the results of scientific meetings supported under the NATO Programme for Security through Science (STS). Meetings supported by the NATO STS Programme are in security-related priority areas of Defence Against Terrorism or Countering Other Threats to Security. The types of meeting supported are generally Advanced Study Institutes and Advanced Research Workshops. The NATO STS Series collects together the results of these meetings. The meetings are co-organized by scientists...

Na

Instruments That Measure Non-Specific Psychological Consequences of a Traumatic Event. The strongest comorbidity is found for mood disorders, followed by anxiety disorders such as phobias and panic attacks 1, 23-25 . 3.3.1. Available Instruments for a clinician administered evaluation The SCID Structured Clinical Interview for DSM The SCID 26 is the structured tool most commonly used in the diagnosis of general psychopathology. It systematically uses all the criteria and symptoms in the...

PTSD and NATO Operations

The ARW was closed out by a special session examining PTSD and NATO operations. This was opened by a graphic presentation from Dr. Zoltan Vekerdi of the Hungarian Defense Force. Dr. Vekerdi detailed his eye-witness account of Black Sunday in Kabul in 2003, when four Germans and 2 Afghans were killed, while another 35 required medical treatment of injuries the result of the suicide bombing of a German motorcade which had been headed to the airport to depart the country after completing a tour of...

Assessment of Available Diagnostic Instruments for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Louis JEHEL, MD, PH.D1 Kathleen DULLEA Psychotraumatologiy Unit, Tenon, University Hospital,Ap-HP, Paris France Abstract. The under recognition of the psychological effects of trauma in medicine requires a modification of clinical evaluation strategies, given the gravity of the consequences of such conditions if left untreated. The most significant problems are Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), along with comorbid disorders. The most significant...

Background

Terrorist events, natural and man-made disasters, and intra- and international conflicts over the past 10-15 years have led to increased attention to the prevalence and adverse health consequences of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD has an estimated 2-5 point prevalence and 8-12 lifetime prevalence in the general population, with higher rates in primary care settings, and even more so in combat veterans 1-9 . It is especially common after terrorism and natural disasters for example,...

History Status Objectives and Achievements to date

Jamie G H HACKER HUGHES, PsychDa1, Amy ADLER, PhDb, Vlastimil TICHY, MD, Lt Colc, & Yves CUVELIER, Lt Kold aACDMH, King's College London, UK b US Army Medical Research Unit - Europe cCentral Military Hospital, Prague dChair, RTG-020 Abstract. The NATO Human Factors and Medicine Panel (HFM081) Research Task Group (RTG) 020 provides military mental health professionals from 19 nations with an opportunity to work together to develop and exchange information related to guidelines for military...

Cavtat June 1316 2005

In June, 2005, in the town of Cavtat on the Adriatic coast of Croatia, we brought together many of the leading researchers in the use of VR therapy in psychological disorders. The purpose of this NATO-sponsored Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) was to give these groundbreaking researchers an opportunity to share their experiences and expertise, to achieve consensus on the best methods for incorporating VR in the treatment of veterans of war and terrorism, and to foster multinational...

Vrmc

Develop basic physiological control strategies first to control stress reduce attention allocated to emotions Absolute fidelity is not necessary or desirable Virtual reality simulations better than real video (pg 213) an effective method for reducing anxiety and enhancing performance in stressful environments. The results of this analysis should clearly encourage further application and research. reduces anxiety, results in higher levels of functioning, and increases quality of life. TADMUS vs....

Efforts to Improve the Diagnosis and Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

ROY, MD, MPH1, and Patricia L. KRAUS. Division of Military Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA. Abstract. Posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD is a frequent and debilitating consequence of exposure to war and other life-threatening events. PTSD often goes undiagnosed and even when it is diagnosed treatment is all too often inadequate or ineffective. It is imperative to identify more effective diagnostic and...

Psychological Screening Validation with Soldiers Returning from Combat

WRIGHT, Amy B. ADLER1, and Jeffrey L. THOMAS Walter Reed Army Institute of Research Note The views expressed in this abstract are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of the US Department of the Army or Department of Defense. Abstract. Soldiers returning from combat military operations are at risk for developing a range of psychological problems. One way to facilitate the identification of these at-risk soldiers is to have them...

Psychotic features of combat related chronic posttraumatic stress disorder and antipsychotic treatment

Dragica KOZARIC-KOVACIC31' Nela PIVACb Referral Centre for the Stress Related Disorders of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Croatia, Department of Psychiatry, Dubrava University Hospital, Avenija Gojka Suska 12, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia, bDivision of Molecular Medicine, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, POBox 180, HR-10002 Abstract. Combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD is a severe debilitating psychiatric illness associated with different comorbidities. When complicated with...