Because of the risk of nosocomial infections, fever is very common in patients in the neurointensive care unit. Moreover, patients with neurological illness may have dysfunction of the temperature control mechanism and develop fever without infections. Although the role of hypothermia in neuroprotection remains to be defined, it is generally accepted that hyperther-mia is detrimental to neuronal recovery. In addition, it is now recognized that a gradient may exist between body temperature and brain temperature; thus temperature of the brain may be underestimated, increasing the risk of neurological injury. Thus aggressive treatment of fever is warranted.
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The term vaginitis is one that is applied to any inflammation or infection of the vagina, and there are many different conditions that are categorized together under this ‘broad’ heading, including bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and non-infectious vaginitis.