Cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), cavernous malformations (caver-nomas), developmental venous anomalies (DVAs) and capillary telangiectasias are developmental vascular anomalies of the central nervous system. In particular, AVMs cause significant morbidity and mortality if untreated. These lesions are best treated in specialized neurovascular centers by a mul-tidisciplinary team of neurosurgeons, inter-ventional neuroradiologists and radiation therapists. Treatment needs to be tailored to the individual patient based on the expected natural history and morphology of the lesion.
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The term vaginitis is one that is applied to any inflammation or infection of the vagina, and there are many different conditions that are categorized together under this ‘broad’ heading, including bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and non-infectious vaginitis.