Summary

Craniosynostosis results from the premature fusion of one or more cranial sutures. The authors discuss historical aspects and treatment of craniosynostosis. Classic syndromes have been described based on the sutures involved and the resultant deformities. Treatments have evolved over the years and are tailored to the individual patient, with the goal of surgery being to restore a normal skull contour and allow continued growth of the brain to reshape the skull. All of this requires a multidisciplinary effort to achieve the desired results.

Procedures used to correct it may properly be termed "reconstructive".

The treatment of this disorder is undertaken as a multidisciplinary effort, increasingly in specialized craniofacial centers. Treatment paradigms have evolved over time and are tailored to the individual patient. In general, simple strip craniectomies have been superseded by complex calvarial reconstructions. These are necessary because single-suture closure causes not only the primary impaired growth at the fused suture, but also secondary compensations that affect the entire skull. The goal of surgery is to restore a normal skull contour and allow continued growth of the brain to reshape the skull.

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