This chapter will review the epidemiology, clinical presentation, recommended evaluation and treatment of Central Nervous System (CNS) infections associated with HIV infection and Neurocysticercosis (NCC). HIV infection is frequently complicated by opportunistic infection or neoplasm of the CNS. NCC, a parasitic infection of the CNS, is the most common cause of epilepsy in the developing world and may present clinically as obstructive hydrocephalus. Most opportunistic CNS infections and neoplasms are associated with headache, fever, meningis-mus, altered level of consciousness, or focal neurologic deficit. NCC is diagnosed by neu-roimaging and serologic testing. Treatment of these CNS infections is mainly medical, but can include surgery for diagnostic purposes and surgical removal of lesions.

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Naturally Cure Your Headaches

Are Headaches Taking Your Life Hostage and Preventing You From Living to Your Fullest Potential? Are you tired of being given the run around by doctors who tell you that your headaches or migraines are psychological or that they have no cause that can be treated? Are you sick of calling in sick because you woke up with a headache so bad that you can barely think or see straight?

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