subluxation of greater than 50%, often with a significant angular deformity. These are considered unstable injuries and cervical traction needs to be promptly instituted to reduce the dislocation. If closed reduction is successful, then patients with these injuries can then be either treated with halo immobilization or operative fusion from an anterior or posterior approach. Open reduction with stabilization is necessary when normal alignment cannot be restored with traction.
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The term vaginitis is one that is applied to any inflammation or infection of the vagina, and there are many different conditions that are categorized together under this ‘broad’ heading, including bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and non-infectious vaginitis.