Shunt Infection

Shunt infection is one of the most common complications encountered and one that carries significant morbidity and even mortality. Shunt infections result in prolonged hospitalization, they increase the risk of subsequent shunt malfunction and can lead to physical disability and impaired intellectual development. Reported shunt infection rates in some instances exceed 20%, although a range of 5-15% would be a more realistic figure, examining larger series of pediatric patients. Rates as low as 1% have been achieved in some centers [17].

The subject of shunt infection is a complex one, and beyond the differences between individual neurosurgical units, there are important variations relating to the heterogeneity of the hydrocephalic population. Whilst shunt infection may afflict adults as well as children, it is in the pediatric population that shunt infection rates tend to be greater and the majority of studies have been performed in this group.

Although there are many factors that appear to contribute to shunt infection, it is generally assumed that contamination of the shunt system occurs at or around the time of shunt surgery. Poor surgical technique, excessive handling of the shunt hardware and inadequate operative environment are among some of the general risk factors frequently cited. Specific

Cure Your Yeast Infection For Good

Cure Your Yeast Infection For Good

The term vaginitis is one that is applied to any inflammation or infection of the vagina, and there are many different conditions that are categorized together under this ‘broad’ heading, including bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and non-infectious vaginitis.

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