Occupational Therapy OT

Occupational therapists are concerned with helping patients to carry out day-to-day activities that are important to them despite their impairments. They work closely with physiotherapists, psychologists and nurses, with due consideration of each individual's impairment and attempt to increase their capacity for self care, productivity and leisure in the context of occupations which are meaningful to each.

Activities are carefully graded to gradually increase the demands on the patient's physical and cognitive abilities. Compensatory strategies may be employed to overcome physical and cognitive deficiencies. For example, the simple task of making a cup of tea involves several functions. The patient has to remember where the ingredients are kept and be able to reach them. He has to have sufficient power and coordination of limbs to assemble the ingredients on a work surface. The act of boiling and pouring water tests the patient's capacity for safety. The whole process requires sequential thinking and the ability to remember the sequence. Where difficulties exist with physical or cognitive impairment, OT is designed to introduce strategies to compensate for the disability, with appropriate modifications to the environmental setting and the use of appliances. In the above example, modifications to the height of the working table for a wheelchair-bound patient, anti-slip surfaces for those working with one hand and remote-controlled switches to activate different home appliances may be necessary.

To achieve the above objectives, occupational therapists require a clear knowledge of the home setting and workplace in order to plan the goals and tailor activities to achieve these goals. This is facilitated by visits to the patient's home and workplace, where they would be in a position to advise suitable modifications to the environment or the patient's role to compensate for the disability. Home visits also incorporate the carers who would be responsible for the patient in the long term. Occupational therapists, with other members of the MDT, co-ordinate short-term home leave for the patient. This gives the patient, his carers and the MDT an opportunity to assess the ability of the patient to cope within the home environment and to gauge the impact of the patient's disability and rehabilitation strategies on the carers. Where modifications to the home or workplace are required, for instance for wheelchair access, occupational therapists liaise with relevant authorities regarding funding.

Occupational therapists also give advice regarding many of the safety issues in daily living. This involves safety on public transport, driving, crossing roads and the ability to handle money. The safety of the patient in the community has to be assured before arrangements for

Cure Your Yeast Infection For Good

Cure Your Yeast Infection For Good

The term vaginitis is one that is applied to any inflammation or infection of the vagina, and there are many different conditions that are categorized together under this ‘broad’ heading, including bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and non-infectious vaginitis.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment