visual disturbance (occasionally blindness) and/ or endocrine dysfunction. While some degree of endocrine dysfunction is noted in up to 90% of newly diagnosed patients, only a minority come to medical attention secondary to their endocrinopathy, most commonly short stature, diabetes insipidus and hypothyroidism. The most common histology seen in pediatric cran-iopharyngioma is the adamantinomatous type, composed of epithelial cells, keratin, microcalcification and cholesterol clefts. Grossly, and on imaging, craniopharyngiomas can be primarily cystic, primarily solid or, most commonly, a mixture of the two (Fig. 28.5) and it is not uncommon for a rim of calcium to be seen on CT scan.

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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