Cranial ultrasonography can be usefully employed in babies with an open anterior fontanelle. It is extremely operator dependent, but with care, skill and experience it can provide much information on ventricular size and configuration and the relationships between fluid-filled intracranial spaces. Post-operatively, a 5 MHz and color Doppler ultrasonogram can demonstrate CSF flow .
Computed tomography (CT) remains the mainstay of much diagnostic imaging in neuro-surgery. CT can be used as a satisfactory basis for planning many neuroendoscopic procedures, but there is no doubt that magnetic resonance (MR) is superior because of its multiplanar functionality, the better demonstration of blood vessels, the identification of membranes between fluid-filled spaces, and the ability to detect CSF flow.
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The term vaginitis is one that is applied to any inflammation or infection of the vagina, and there are many different conditions that are categorized together under this ‘broad’ heading, including bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and non-infectious vaginitis.