Techniques to measure CBF using phase-contrast cine magnetic resonance imaging remain largely experimental. The technique has been used to quantify blood flow in each major cerebral artery and within the circle of Willis. The technique has also been used to document decreased regional CBF - the "steal phenomenon" - in normal brain parenchyma adjacent to arteriovenous malformations. Magnetic resonance techniques of measuring CBF require meticulous attention to technical details to obtain accurate data. As the technique is further refined, it may gain increasing acceptance in the clinical setting.
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The term vaginitis is one that is applied to any inflammation or infection of the vagina, and there are many different conditions that are categorized together under this ‘broad’ heading, including bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and non-infectious vaginitis.