These may be divided into sphenoid/parasellar mid-line lesions (including nasopharyngeal lesions), and pathologies affecting the true middle cranial fossae on either side of the mid-line structures. The sphenoid lesions may present with endocrine abnormalities through effects on the pituitary and/or cranial neuropathies of nerves II, III, IV, V and VI through effects on the cavernous sinus. Nasopharyngeal lesions may present with nasal symptoms or otologic problems related to secondary Eustachian tube dysfunction, as well as a trigeminal neuropathy. Finally, if more laterally placed, symptoms due to temporal lobe involvement may be apparent, including seizures and visual field defects.
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The term vaginitis is one that is applied to any inflammation or infection of the vagina, and there are many different conditions that are categorized together under this ‘broad’ heading, including bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and non-infectious vaginitis.