Localizing symptoms of lesions in the anterior fossa often include nasal or visual dysfunction. Symptoms may include nasal obstruction as well as pain, epistaxis and hyposmia/anosmia. Optic problems may include visual loss (acuity or visual field), diplopia and proptosis. For lesions involving the frontal lobes, alteration in personality, memory and concentration may also be apparent, especially with bi-frontal changes.
Examination should include endoscopy of the nose/nasopharynx, as well as a full neurological examination.
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The term vaginitis is one that is applied to any inflammation or infection of the vagina, and there are many different conditions that are categorized together under this ‘broad’ heading, including bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and non-infectious vaginitis.