• Intraventricular and pineal region tumors often present with hydrocephalus.
• Diagnosis is usually based on characteristic imaging features. Serum or CSF markers can add additional diagnostic information in some tumors.
• Surgical approaches to anterior intraventric-ular tumors are accomplished using open surgery or endoscopic techniques.
• Pineal region tumors comprise a number of histologic subtypes, some of which are exquisitely sensitive to radiotherapy.
• Posterior surgical approaches to pineal tumors are effective in safely resecting these tumors and establishing the diagnosis. Additional chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy is indicated for some tumors.
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The term vaginitis is one that is applied to any inflammation or infection of the vagina, and there are many different conditions that are categorized together under this ‘broad’ heading, including bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and non-infectious vaginitis.