Stereotactic radiosurgery is a neurosurgical technique that utilizes focused radiation as a tool. It was introduced for functional neurosurgery but its applications have widened to encompass cerebral arteriovenous malformations and a wide range of well-defined benign and malignant intracranial neoplasms.
Although it may be considered by some to belong to the realm of radiotherapy rather than neurosurgery, neurosurgical trainees must become familiar with the basics of this technique and particularly with its indications and limitations.
The minimally invasive nature and the perceived, and in most cases truly, low risk of this treatment make it popular with patients and ensure that an increasing proportion of conditions traditionally requiring open surgery are treated by this technique.
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The term vaginitis is one that is applied to any inflammation or infection of the vagina, and there are many different conditions that are categorized together under this ‘broad’ heading, including bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and non-infectious vaginitis.