Tumors of the CNS are, as a group, the second most frequent malignancy of childhood and the most common solid tumor in this age group. In general, children with brain tumors have not shared in the remarkable improvement in prognosis that has characterized other childhood malignancies. In this chapter, the epidemiology, clinical presentation, surgical considerations, chemotherapy and radiation therapy options regarding pediatric brain tumors will be reviewed. In addition, we will specifically focus on several of the major categories of pediatric CNS malignancy and the late effects resulting from current treatment regimens. In conclu sion, the future directions in pediatric brain tumor management will be discussed.
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The term vaginitis is one that is applied to any inflammation or infection of the vagina, and there are many different conditions that are categorized together under this ‘broad’ heading, including bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and non-infectious vaginitis.