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Spetzler R, Martin N: A proposed grading system for arteriovenous malformations. Journal of Neurosurgery 65:476, 1986

Spetzler R, Martin N: A proposed grading system for arteriovenous malformations. Journal of Neurosurgery 65:476, 1986

I through V, by adding the scores. Large AVMs that are intimately associated with eloquent cortex or that are located in the hypothalamus or brainstem may be classified as inoperable Grade VI lesions. Increasing grade is significantly associated with minor and major neurologic deficits post-operatively. Numerous studies have confirmed the reliability of this grading system in predicting surgical outcome. Unfortunately, this grading system is not directly applicable to the endovascular treatment of AVMs, contributing to the difficulty in comparing treatment results of these two modalities.

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Cure Your Yeast Infection For Good

Cure Your Yeast Infection For Good

The term vaginitis is one that is applied to any inflammation or infection of the vagina, and there are many different conditions that are categorized together under this ‘broad’ heading, including bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and non-infectious vaginitis.

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