Index

candidiasis 641-2 cryptococcosis 640-1 mucormycosis 642-3 nocardiosis 643 HIV-related 619-25 neurocysticercosis-related 623, 627-9 parasitic 643-6

echinococcosis 645-6 toxoplasmosis 645 post-operative 646 pyogenic brain abscess 631-7 shunts 438-40

antibiotic prophylaxis 439-40 organisms responsible for 439 presentation 438-9 treatment 439 sub-dural empyema 639-40 Inflammation 62 Inflammatory lesions 43-5 Inflammatory mediators 574-5 Injury Severity Score 372 Intensity-modulated radiotherapy 224 Intensive care 85-104 blood pressure management 92-3 cerebral blood flow, CO2 reactivity and cerebral autoregulation 86 cerebral perfusion pressure management 92-3 critical closing pressure 87 Cushing's response 86-7 intracranial pressure 85-6

management of 87-92 monitoring 93-103

cerebral oxygenation/metabolism 96-9 electrophysiological 99-102 intracranial pressure 94-6 neurological examination 93-4 International 10-20 Scalp Electrode Placement System 4

Interventional neuroradiology 333-48

carotid and vertebral angioplasty and stenting 343-7

embolization of arteriovenous malformations 340-2 complications 341-2 embolic agents 340-1 provocative testing 340 technique 340 embolization of carotid cavernous sinus fistulas 342

embolization of head and neck tumors 342-3 intracranial aneurysms 334-40 Guglielmi detachable coil 336-40 occlusion using detachable balloons 334-6 principles and techniques 333-4 consenting 334 hemostasis 334 vertebral angioplasty and stenting 345-7 Intracerebral hematoma 370

Intracerebral hemorrhage 328 Intracranial aneurysms endovascular treatment 334-40 Guglielmi detachable coil 336-40 image-guided neurosurgery 133 occlusion using detachable balloons 334-6 Intracranial electrodes 594-5 Intracranial hemorrhage 27-8 Intracranial pressure 85-6 management of 87-92, 177-8 decompressive craniectomy 91 hypothermia 91

positive end-expiratory pressure 91-2 reduction of brain mass 89 reduction of cerebral blood volume 87-9 reduction of CSF volume 89 sedation and paralysis 89-91 monitoring 94-6 Intracranial tumors, neuroendoscopy 115-16 Intraoperative angiography 18, 310 Intraoperative ultrasound 18, 37 Intraventricular hemorrhage 328 Intraventricular tumors 235-8 anatomy 237 outcome 238

pre-operative evaluation 238 Ischemic stroke 93, 651-70

evaluation and management 655-7 extracranial cerebrovascular disease 653-4 pathophysiology 652-3 risk factors 654-5 subtypes atherosclerosis 655 cardiac embolism 655 small vessel lacunar disease 655 see also Carotid endarterectomy Isoflurane 73

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