T. solium infection is endemic throughout South and Central America. Seroprevalence rates range between 5 and 11% in Mexico, Perú and Ecuador [14]. In Brazil, the seroprevalence of antibodies to T. solium is 0.7-5.2%, with the highest rates in rural areas. In other parts of the world, seroprevalence rates vary from 13% in Bali to 4% in Korea and 18% in Madagascar.

Table 36.3. Sensitivity and specificity of PCR assays for selected opportunistic CNS infections.


Associated syndrome

Sensitivity (%)

Specificity (%)

Epstein—Barr virus

Primary CNS lymphoma

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