Unless detected antenatally by ultrasound or maternal screening, open myelomeningocele is immediately apparent at birth (Fig. 27.1). This manifests usually as a defect on the back, with evidence of a neural placode representing the open spinal cord, often with normal- and
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The term vaginitis is one that is applied to any inflammation or infection of the vagina, and there are many different conditions that are categorized together under this ‘broad’ heading, including bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and non-infectious vaginitis.