Interference with the cardiorespiratory centers in the brainstem can result in cardiovascular instability during surgery and in airway and breathing problems post-operatively. Pressure on the nucleus of the vagus results in profound bradycardia, even cardiac standstill, and other cardiac arrhythmias and hypertension can be caused by brainstem manipulation. Vigilance by the anesthesiologist and close cooperation between surgeon and anesthesiologist are essential.
Respiratory complications can occasionally result from interference with the respiratory
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