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B The central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. 2. c The somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system. 3. c The part of the peripheral nervous system that is involuntary and innervates smooth muscles, cardiac muscles, and gland cells. (para 6-2b(2)) 4. b The component of the autonomic nervous system that has epinephrine as its chemical transmitter. (para 6-5a) 5. d Is responsible for bringing the body back to normal after the fight 6. b Acetylcholine norepinephrine...

Effects Produced By The Parasympathetic Nervous System

Parasympathetic Nervous System

The parasympathetic physiological activity on the organs is generally the opposite of the sympathetic with a few exceptions. The effect of the parasympathetic nervous system effects on some areas of the body are listed below a. Eye (Pupil). Contraction of the pupil (miosis) is produced by parasympathetic stimulation. b. Heart. The parasympathetic nervous system produces a decrease in heart rate and a slight decrease in the contraction strength of the heart. c. Bronchi. The bronchi are...

Drugs Used To Treat Gout

While the exact mechanism of action of colchicine is unknown, the administration of the drug causes a decrease in the amount of urate crystals deposited in the various parts of the body--the result is a decrease in the inflammatory process. This drug is the oldest and most effective agent used in the treatment of acute attacks of gout. The usual dose of an acute gout attack is 1.2 milligrams immediately, then 0.6 milligram every 30 minutes to one hour until nausea and vomiting or...

Adrenergic Sympathohimetic Drugs

Sympathomimetic drugs are agents which when administered will mimic (produce the same effects) normal adrenergic (sympathetic) stimulation. This normal adrenergic stimulation refers to the effects produced by epinephrine on the body. Two agents produce the adrenergic effects epinephrine and norepinephrine. Epinephrine is the original model of the sympathomimetic agent. It has both Alpha and Beta activity. Figure 7-2 shows the chemical structure of epinephrine. Figure 7-2. Chemical structure of...

H Amphetamine

Amphetamine is a powerful central nervous system (CNS) stimulant with both alpha and beta activity. (a) CNS effects. Amphetamine causes the person to be awake and alert. Furthermore, the person feels a decreased sense of fatigue. (b) Cardiovascular effects. Amphetamine increases cardiac input and increases blood pressure. NOTE Overdosing or repeated dosing can reverse the effects of amphetamine. This occurs because amphetamine promotes the release of norepinephrine...

Pharmacological Effects Of The Cholinergic Blockers

The cholinergic blockers produce specific effects on certain organs in the body. These effects are a. Stomach Intestines. The effect of the cholinergic blockers on the stomach and intestines is decreased activity. b. Salivary Glands. The cholinergic blockers produce a drying effect. c. Eye (Pupil). The cholinergic blockers produce dilation of the pupil (mydriasis). d. Urinary Bladder. The cholinergic blockers produce urinary retention. e. Heart. Increased heart rate is the effect produced on...