Human mt dna

Human mt dna

FIGURE 19.03 Genetic Map of Human Mitochondrial DNA

A: During evolution, the mitochondrial genome has been streamlined. Many of the genes necessary for mitochondrial function have moved to the nucleus, cause the mitochondrial genome to shrink in size.

B: The mitochondrial DNA of humans contains the genes for ribosomal RNA, transfer RNA, and some proteins of the electron transport chain.

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