References

Minds and Machines. Prentice-Hall. Armstrong, D. M. (1968). A Materialist Theory of the Mind. Routledge & Kegan Asimov, I. (1950). I, Robot. Gnome Press. Baars, B. J. (1988). A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness. Cambridge University Press. Baars, B. J. (1996). In the Theater of Consciousness The Workspace of the Mind. Oxford University Press. Baillargeon, R., Spelke, E., and Wasserman, S. (1985). Object permanence in five-month-old infants. Cognition 20, 191-208....

The Absent Qualia Argument

The main spokesman for those who find my position preposterous and inadequate might be David Chalmers, whose book The Conscious Mind attracted a lot of attention with an argument that any materialistic explanation of consciousness must fall short. Here is his summary (Chalmers 1996, p. 123) 1. In our world, there are conscious experiences. 2. There is a logically possible world physically identical to ours, in which the positive facts about consciousness in our world do not hold. 3. Therefore,...

Dualism and Its Discontents

The issues surrounding the relation between computation and mind are becoming relevant because of the complete failure of dualism as an explanation of human consciousness. Dualism is the doctrine that people's minds are formed of nonphysical substances that are associated with their bodies and guide their bodies, but that are not part of their bodies and are not subject to the same physical laws as their bodies. This idea has been widely accepted since the time of Descartes, and is often...

The Souls of Robots

The possibility that people might be robots raises some urgent questions Can a robot be the subject or object of a moral judgment That is, are there things a robot should or should not do and are there things that should or should not be done to a robot We can dismiss immediately the claim that a robot is just a machine, and hence simply will do what it will do what it should do is irrelevant. As I showed in chapter 3, an intelligent robot will think of itself as having reasons for what it...