References

Overview and fundamentals of medical image segmentation. In Bankman IN, ed. Handbook of Medical Imaging, Processing and Analysis, Academic Press, 2000. 2. Rosenfeld A, Kak AC. Digital image processing. Academic Press, 1982. 3. Adams R, Bischof L. Seeded region growing. IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell 1994 16 641-647. 4. Vince L, Soille P. Watersheds in digital spaces an efficient algorithm based on immersion simulations. IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell 1991 13(6) 583-598. 5....

Markers of LHRH Receptor Targets

Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone receptors (GnRH and LHRH) are found in cancers of reproductive tissues, including those of the prostate, ovarian, and breast, and gonadotrophin-releasing hormone can inhibit growth of cell lines derived from such cancers. A radiolabeled LHRH ligand could be useful in diagnosing diseases that produce high levels of LHRH-receptors, such as ovarian cancer, endometriosis, uterine carcinoma, and prostate cancer. Two prostate cancer cell lines (LNCap androgen and PSA...

Principles Of

PET is a functional imaging modality that employs radiotracers to exploit altered metabolic and biochemical function in vivo. Until the early 1990s, because of a limited axial field of view within the scanner, the technique was reserved almost exclusively for neuropsychiatric and cardiac research. With the advent of a simple change in scanner design, which allowed passage of the scanning couch through the gantry, it became possible to perform whole-body PET. Subsequently oncological imaging has...

Fundamental Advantages of MDCT

Blood Thinners Hold Times

The first advantage of MDCT is the ability to scan a lot faster while acquiring a dataset with similar slice thickness and image quality to that of SDCT. Faster table speeds are particularly advantageous in patients with reduced breath-holding capacity since table speeds on the order of 50 to 70 mm per second are achievable. Fast table speeds are often chosen in the setting of trauma, in patients with dyspnea, in young children or in those patients in whom there are communication difficulties...