Types Of Body Movement

NOTE For types of body movement, see figure 5-1. a. Flexion. The state of being bent. The cervical spine is flexed when the chin is moved toward the chest. b. Extension. The state of being in a straight line. The cervical spine is extended when the head is held straight. c. Hyperextension. The state of exaggerated extension. The cervical spine is hyperextended when the person looks overhead, toward the ceiling. d. Abduction. Lateral movement of a body part away from the midline of the body. The...

Positioning The Adult To Promote Sleep And Relaxation

If a patient is restless, having difficulty getting comfortable, or not sleeping well, consider the following steps. As always, be sure you have a physician's order for the patient to be turned when necessary. b. Approach and identify the patient (by checking the ID band) and explain the procedure (using simple terms and pointing out the benefits). c. Perform practical nursing care to promote relaxation. (1) Straighten or change the linens. (2) Give the patient a back massage. (5) Administer a...

Variables Relating To The Transcultural Aspects Of Nursing

Cultural background of the nurse differences and similarities between the patient and the nurse. b. Definition of health and illness accepted by a specific culture concepts relating to the causes of illness and injury. d. Attitudes toward health care, relationships, and interactions (e.g., personal space, eye contact). e. Economic level of the patient and family (socioeconomic status). f. Environmental factors and related disorders (e.g., ghetto living, lead poisoning). g. Specific names and...