References

Acevedo, L.D., W.M. Hall, and B. Mulloney. 1994. Proctolin and excitation of the crayfish swimmeret system. J. Comp. Neurol. 345:612-627.

Baier, A., B. Wittek, and B. Brembs. 2002. Drosophila as a new model organism for the neurobiology of aggression? J. Exp. Biol. 205:1233-1240.

Bailey, C.H., M. Giustetto, H. Zhu, M. Chen, and E.R. Kandel. 2000. A novel function for serotonin-mediated short-term facilitation in Aplysia: Conversion of a transient, cell-wide homosynaptic Hebbian plasticity into a persistent, protein synthesis-independent synapse-specific enhancement. PNAS 97:11,581-11,586.

Baker, J.D., S.L. McNabb, and J.W. Truman. 1999. The hormonal coordination of behavior and physiology at adult ecdysis in Drosophila melanogaster. J. Exp. Biol. 202:3037-3048.

Beenhakker, M.P., D.M. Blitz, and M.P. Nusbaum. 2004. Long-lasting activation of rhythmic neuronal activity by a novel mechanosensory system in the crustacean stomatogastric nervous system. J. Neurophysiol. 91:78-91.

Benjamin, P.R., and J.F. Burke. 1994. Alternative mRNA splicing of the FMRFamide gene and its role in neuropeptidergic signalling in a defined neural network. BioEssays 16:335-342.

Brezina, V., B. Bank, E.C. Cropper et al. 1995. Nine members of the myomodulin family of peptide co-transmitters at the B16-ARC neuromuscular junction of Aplysia. J. Neurophysiol. 74:54-72.

Burrows, M., andH.-J. Pfluger. 1995. Action oflocust neuromodulatory neurons is coupled to specific motor patterns. J. Neurophysiol. 74:347-357.

Buschges, A., R. Kittmann, and J.M. Ramirez. 1993. Octopamine effects mimick state-dependent changes in a proprioceptive feedback system. J. Neurobiol. 24: 598-610.

Casasnovas, B., andP. Meyrand. 1995. Functional differentiation ofadult neural circuits from a single embryonic network. J. Neurosci. 15:5703-5718.

Crisp, K.M., and K.A. Mesce. 2003. To swim or not to swim: Regional effects of serotonin, octopamine and amine mixtures in the medicinal leech. J. Comp. Physiol. A 189:461-470.

Duch, C., and H.-J. Pflüger. 1999. DUM neurons in locust flight: A model system for amine-mediated peripheral adjustments to the requirements of a central motor program. J. Comp. Physiol. A 184:489-499.

Edwards, D.H., S.R. Yeh, B. Musolf, B.L. Antonsen, and F.B. Krasne. 2002. Metamodulation of the crayfish escape circuit. Brain Behav. Evol. 60:360-369.

Fenelon, V.S., B. Casasnovas, S. Faumont, and P. Meyrand. 1998. Ontogenetic alteration in peptidergic expression within a stable neuronal population in lobster stomato-gastric nervous system. J. Comp. Neurol. 399:289-305.

Florey, E. 1967. Neurotransmitters and modulators in the animal kingdom. Federation Proc. 26:1164-1178.

Grillner, S. 2003. The motor infrastructure: From ion channels to neuronal networks. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 4:573-586.

Hammer, M. 1993. An identified neuron mediates the unconditioned stimulus in associative olfactory learning in honeybees. Nature 366: 59-63.

Harris-Warrick, R.M. 2000. Ion channels andreceptors: Molecular targets for behavioral evolution. J. Comp. Physiol. A 186:605-616.

Harris-Warrick, R.M. 2002. Voltage-sensitive ion channels in rhythmic motor systems. Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 12:646-651.

Harris-Warrick, R.M., and E. Marder. 1991. Modulation of neural networks for behavior. Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 14:39-57.

Hedwig, B. 2000. Control of cricket stridulation by a command neuron: Efficacy depends on the behavioral state. J. Neurophysiol. 83:712-722.

Heinrich, R., B. Wenzel, andN. Elsner. 2001. Arole for muscarinic excitation: Control of specific singing behavior by activation of the adenylate cyclase pathway in the brain of grasshoppers. PNAS 98:9919-9923.

Homberg, U. 1994. Distribution of neurotransmitters in the insect brain. In: Fortschritte der Zoologie (Progress inZoology), ed. W. Rathmayer, vol. 40, pp. 1-88: Stuttgart: G. Fischer.

Hoyle, G. 1985. Generation of motor activity and control of behaviour: The role of the neuromodulator octopamine and the orchestration hypothesis. In: Comparative Insect Physiology, Biochemistry, and Pharmacology, ed. G.A. Kerkut and L. Gilbert, vol. 5, pp. 607-621. Toronto: Pergamon.

Jacobs, B.L., and C.A. Fornal. 1995. Activation of 5-HT neuronal activity during motor behavior. Sem. Neurosci. 7:401-408

Kaczmarek, L.K., andI.B. Levitan, eds. 1987.Neuromodulation: The Biochemical Control of Neuronal Excitability. New York: Oxford Univ. Press.

Katz, P., ed. 1999. Beyond Neurotransmission: Neuromodulation and Its Importance for Information Processing. New York: Oxford Univ. Press.

Kiehn, O., and S.J.B. Butt. 2003. Physiological, anatomical, and genetic identification of CPG neurons in the developing mammalian spinal cord. Prog. Neurobiol. 70: 347-361.

Kravitz, E.A., S. Glusman, R.M. Harris-Warrick et al. 1980. Amines and a peptide as neurohormones in lobsters: Actions on neuromuscular preparations and preliminary behavioural studies. J. Exp. Biol. 89:159-175.

Kravitz, E.A., and R. Huber. 2003. Aggression in invertebrates. Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 13:736-743.

Kristan, W.B., Jr, and M.P. Nusbaum. 1982. The dual role of serotonin in leech swimming. J.Physiol. (Paris) 78:743-747.

Kupfermann, I. 1979. Modulatory actions of neurotransmitters. Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 2:447-465.

McLean, D.L., and K.T. Sillar. 2003. Spinal and supraspinal functions of noradrenaline in the frog embryo: Consequences for motor behaviour. J. Physiol. 551.2:575-587.

Mentel, T., C. Duch, H. Stypa et al. 2003. Central modulatory neurons control fuel selection in flight muscle of migratory locust. J. Neurosci. 23:1109-1113.

Merrywest, S.D., J.R. McDearmid, O. Kjaerulff, O. Kiehn and K.T. Sillar. 2003. Mechanisms underlying the noradrenergic modulation of longitudinal coordination during swimming inXenopus laevis tadpoles. Eur. J. Neurosci. 17:1013-1022.

Mesce, K. 2002. Metamodulation of the biogenic amines: Second-order modulation by steroid hormones and amine cocktails. Brain Behav. Evol. 60:339-349.

Mesce, K.A., K.M. Crisp, and L.S. Gilchrist. 2001. Mixtures of octopamine and serotonin have nonadditive effects on the CNS of the medicinal leech. J. Neurophysiol. 85:2039-2046.

Mulloney, B., L.D. Acevedo, and A.G. Bradbury. 1987. Modulation of the crayfish swimmeret rhythm by octopamine and the neuropeptide proctolin. J. Neurophysiol. 58:584-597.

Nusbaum, M.P. 2002. Regulating peptidergic modulation ofrhythmically active circuits. Brain Behav. Evol. 60:378-387.

Nusbaum, M.P., D.M. Bitz, A.M. Swensen, D. Wood, andE. Marder. 2001. The roles of co-transmission in neural network modulation. TINS 24:146-154.

Parker, D. 1995. Serotonergic modulation of locust motor neurons. J. Neurophysiol. 73:923-932.

Pasztor, V.M., and B.M. Bush. 1989. Primary afferent responses of a crustacean mechanoreceptor are modulated by proctolin, octopamine, and serotonin. J. Neuro-biol. 20:234-254.

Peck, J.H., S.T. Nakanishi, R. Yaple, andR.M. Harris-Warrick. 2001. Amine modulation of the transient potassium current in identified cells of the lobster stomatogastric ganglion. J. Neurophysiol. 86:2957-2965.

Proudfit, H.K., and F.M. Clark. 1991. The projections of locus coeruleus neurons to the spinal cord. Prog. Brain Res. 88:123-141.

Ramirez, J.M., A. Buschges, and R. Kittmann. 1993. Octopaminergic modulation of the femoral chordotonal organ in the stick insect. J. Comp. Physiol. A 173:209-219.

Ramirez, J.M., and I. Orchard. 1990. Octopaminergic modulation of the forewing stretch receptor in the locust Locusta migratoria. J. Exp. Biol. 149:255-279.

Ramirez, J.M., and K.G. Pearson. 1991a. Octopamine induces bursting and plateau potentials in insect neurones. Brain Res. 549:332-337.

Ramirez, J.M., and K.G. Pearson. 1991b. Octopaminergic modulation of interneurons in the flight system of the locust. J. Neurophysiol. 66:1522-1537.

Rathmayer, W., S. Djokaj, A. Gaydukov, and S. Kreissl. 2002. The neuromuscular junctions of the slow and the fast excitatory axon in the closer of the crab Eriphia spinifrons are endowed with different Ca channel types and allow neuron-specific modulation of transmitter release by two neuropeptides. J. Neurosci. 22:708-717.

Ribotta, M.G., J. Provencher, D. Feraboli-Lohnherr et al. 2000. Activation of locomotion in adult chronic spinal rats is achieved by transplantation of embryonic of embryonic raphe cells reinnervating a precise lumbar level. J. Neurosci. 20:5144-5152.

Robertson, R.M., andM. Moulins. 1981. Oscillatory command input to the motor pattern generators of the crustacean stomatogastric ganglion. I. The pyloric rhythm. J.Comp. Physiol. A 143:453-463.

Salles, M.S., and K.S. Salles. 1980. Behavioral effect of selective and non-selective lesions of median raphe nucleus in the rat. Jpn. J. Physiol. 30:105-114.

Schmidt, B.J., andL.M. Jordan. 2000. The role of serotonin in reflex modulation and locomotor rhythm production in the mammalian spinal cord. Brain Res. Bull. 53: 689-710.

Schulz, D.J., A.B. Barron, and G.E. Robinson. 2002. Arole for octopamine in honey bee division of labor. Brain Behav. Evol. 60:350-359.

Selverston, A.I., D.F. Russell, and J.P. Miller. 1976. The stomatogastric nervous system: Structure and function of a small neural network. Prog. Neurobiol. 7:215-290.

Sillar, K.T., J.F. Wedderburn, and A.J. Simmers. 1992. Modulation of swimming rhythmicity by 5-hydroxytryptamin during post-embryonic development inXenopus laevis. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 250:107-114.

Sillar, K.T., A.M. Woolston, and J.F. Wedderburn. 1995. Involvement of brainstem serotonergic interneurons in the development of a vertebrate spinal locomotor circuit. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 259:65-70.

Sinakevitch, I., S.M. Farris, and N.J. Strausfeld. 2001. Taurine-, aspartate, and gluta-mate-like immunoreactivity identifies chemically distinct subdivisions of Kenyon cells in the cockroach mushroom body. J. Comp. Neurol. 439:352-367.

Skiebe, P., and O. Ganeshina. 2000. Synaptic neuropil in nerves of the crustacean stomatogastric nervous: An immunocytochemical and electron microscopic study. J. Comp. Neurol. 420:373-397.

Sombati, S., and G. Hoyle. 1984. Generation of specific behaviors in the locust by local release into neuropil of the natural neuromodulator octopamine. J. Neurobiol. 15: 481-506.

Stevenson, P.A., and W. Kutsch. 1988. Demonstration of functional connectivity of the flight motor system in all stages of the locust. J. Comp. Physiol. A 162: 247-259.

Tanaka, H., S. Takahashi, and J. Oki. 1997. Developmental regulation of spinal motoneurons by monoaminergic nerve fibers. J. Periph. Nerv. Syst. 2:323-332.

Veasey, S.C., C.A. Fornal, C.W. Metzler, and B.L. Jacobs. 1995. Response of seroton-ergic caudal raphe neurons in relation to specific motor activities in freely moving cats. J. Neurosci. 15:5346-5359.

Waterhouse, B.D., D. Devilbiss, S. Seiple, and R. Markowitz. 2004. Sensorimotor-re-lated discharge of simultaneously recorded, single neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus of the awake, unrestrained rat. Brain Res. 1000(1-2):183-191.

Wegener, G. 1996. Flying insects: Model systems in exercise physiology. Experientia 52:404-412.

Wilson, R.I., G.C. Turner, and G. Laurent. 2004. Transformation of olfactory representations in the Drosophila antennal lobe. Science 303:366-370.

Woolston, A.M., J.F. Wedderburn, andK.T. Sillar. 1994. Descending serotonergic spinal projections and modulation of locomotor rhythmicity in Rana temporaria embryos. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 255:73-79.

Zitnan, D., L.S. Ross, I. Zitnanova et al. 1999. Steroid induction of a peptide hormone gene leads to orchestration of a defined behavioral sequence. Neuron 23:523-535.

From left to right: David L. Sparks, Tadashi Isa, Jeffrey Smith, Ole Kiehn, Hans-Joachim Pflüger, Keith Sillar, Carsten Duch, Ansgar Büschges, Sten Grillner, Anders Lansner, and Diethelm Richter

0 0

Post a comment