Parenteral Nutrition

Parenteral nutrition support is used for patients who have severe burns, disorders of the GI tract, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), or a debilitating disease such as metastatic cancer.

These patients receive an infusion of a solution that contains hyperosmolar glucose, amino acids, vitamins, electrolytes, minerals, and trace elements. In addition, the patient might be given fat emulsion supplemental therapy to increase the number of calories and to receive fat-soluble vitamins. The infusion is given through a central venous line such as the subclavian or internal jugular vein to prevent irritation to the peripheral veins.

The nurse must monitor the patient for signs of complications as a result of inserting the catheter and the infusion of the feeding.

Catheter insertion can cause

• Pneumothorax.

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